High outside temperatures can cause body overheating and health complications – increased body temperature, lassitude, drowsiness, headache, dizziness, nausea or vomiting. The basic rules you should follow during the heat:
1. DRINKING REGIME
An adult person should drink at least three liters of water during the day. Reduce sugar, quinine, coffee and alcohol in hot weather. Ordinary water is ideal. Drink regularly, in smaller doses, not icy, rather lukewarm drinks. The need for drinking grows not only depending on the outside temperature, but also on physical activity and health. Especially children, make sure they drink before, during and after physical exertion. Drink water even when you don’t feel thirsty.
For children, drinking pure water is best for quenching thirst, alternating with still mineral waters and unsweetened fruit or herbal teas. The amount of water a child needs is also dependent on age and weight. In a newborn, it ranges from 60 to 100 ml per kilogram of weight, in a toddler 120 ml / kg, in a child of preschool age it is 100 ml / kg, at school age 70 ml / kg, later it is recommended to drink about 50 ml per kilogram of weight in 24 hours.
It is particularly important to maintain the drinking regime for the elderly persons. Their body contains fewer fluids, the organs work slower, and they cannot excrete fluids along with the waste materials. The daily dose – about 1.5 to 2 liters of fluid – should be evenly distributed throughout the day. Pure drinking water is the most appropriate, while increasing the amount of sodium in your choice of mineral water. Older people often suffer from high blood pressure and the water content of sodium could make them worse. Vitamin intake, which a senior can get directly in a drink, is also important in older age. Especially suitable are unsweetened fruit juices or juices without chemical additives, which can be diluted with water.
2. APPROPRIATE HEAD PROTECTION
Do not underestimate the risk of sunburn in heat. It is created by intense direct sunlight on the unprotected head and neck. It is manifested by increased body temperature, headaches, superficial and accelerated breathing, rapid pulse and nausea. Parents should regularly check whether they kids have head cover, quality sunglasses and paint their skin with a protective cream with a high UV protection factor. Children under one year of age should not be exposed to sunlight at all.
3. APPROPRIATE CLOTHES
Summer clothing should be light, airy, looser, rather light in color. Synthetic materials are not suitable because they do not allow sweat to evaporate. Beware of increased physical exertion – do more frequent breaks in the shade and do not stay in the sun between 11-15 o’clock.
4. COOL WITH AIR CONDITIONING
Air conditioning helps to keep the heat, it is important that it is properly adjusted and kept clean. Maintaining a constant indoor temperature – regardless of the outside, can be particularly harmful to children and seniors. Improperly set air conditioning causes headaches, throats, colds, weakness of the immune system and the whole body, angina pain, feeling of clogged nose, sinus pain, spine or muscles. If you have a cool stream of air directed into your face, it will dry your skin, eyes and contribute to repeated inflammation of the eyes, ears, sinus, as well as tooth and trigeminal pain.
- when switching from cold to hot environment can come to the so-called. thermal shock, which can generally weaken the organism. Adjust the air conditioner so that the temperature difference between outside and inside is not more than 5 degrees Celsius
- keep the air conditioner, filters and air vents clean, otherwise they can become a source of mold and bacteria. Have the entire air conditioning system checked by a workshop once a year. Regular maintenance also includes regular disinfection of the air conditioner evaporator