The problem of passive smoking, ie unintentional exposure to cigarette smoke, should not underestimate the lay and professional public. Cigarette smoke means a significant health risk for non-smoking areas, the Office of Public Health of the Slovak Republic (OHI SR) commented on the International Day of Smoking without Smoking (20 November).
Children who are exposed to passive smoking in households have an increased risk of respiratory illness since the early childhood (bronchitis, lungs, including pelvis), later they may be suffering from allergic rhinitis, skin or middle ear inflammation, disposition of oncological diseases.
Passive passive smokers endanger the development of the fetus. The risk for the fetus is the same as for pregnant women who smoke one to five cigarettes a day. Smokers have an increased risk of preterm delivery, with a higher risk of sudden death syndrome in newborns. In addition, children of mothers who have been smoking during pregnancy often suffer from many complications. The most serious are neurological abnormalities and behavioral disorders.
“Blowed cigarette smoke contains thousands of different compounds that spread through the air for a long time after smoking. These substances react with other pollutants in the vicinity, creating completely new dangerous compounds affecting DNA. They settle down the apartment, even on things that are in another room where they do not smoke at all. Nicotine is stored especially in hair, which can be proven after a long time. It was also found in the hair of small children from strong smoking households, or in those children whose mothers did not stop smoking even during pregnancy, “said doc. MD. Jana Hamade, PhD., Head of the Department of Hygiene of Children and Youth of the Institute of Public Health.
The experience with cigarettes has already 10-year-old children
Children of smokers are more likely to fall into this habit than non-smoker children. Young people also tend to be adults or to be popular with older peers and parties. Statistics also show that the first experience with cigarettes is no longer abused by pupils in elementary schools. Nearly 34% of 11- to 14-year-old children said they were already smoking cigarettes, according to the TAD School Survey in 2014 on a sample of 5436 elementary school pupils. The 24% of the 4908 high school students were admitted to the daily need to burn a cigarette at least once.
“Nicotine, according to experts, is more addictive than heroin or cocaine. Children and puberty smokers are among the hard-to-treat groups, because they do not associate with the disease or the doctor, they lack motivation to treat, self-reflection and self-control, for example at the pressure of the parents or teachers. Most of them think that they will stop smoking when they want to, but many find out in adulthood that it is not. In the case of young people, parents, pedagogues and specialized counseling within the tobacco addiction centers are needed, “said doc. Jana Hamade, with the motivation-driven interviews of experts of the Centers doubling the chances of the child to quit smoking.
To educate children on non-smoking according to doc. Jany Hamade already in pre-school age, considers this a significant preventive measure. In this respect, they advise to strengthen children’s self-esteem, to create at home an atmosphere of well-being and satisfaction, not to smoke in the home, to care for the leisure time of children, and to explain to children the harmful consequences of smoking and the fact that the cigarette is not a symbol of adulthood.
On the smoking cessation help line, they are calling 12-year-olds
The smoking cessation help line has been working for over two years. On average, 37-year-olds search for it. “But she was also contacted by a 12-year-old, who is the youngest caller or 83-year-old senior with the eldest calling. On the year of this year, experts on the smoke-free line received approximately 1,700 justified calls, used by more men than women, “said Mgr. Mgr. Robert Ochaba, PhD., MPH, Head of the Department of Health Support of the Institute for Health Insurance. After calling, more than 70 percent of the callers decided to solve their problem personally in counseling at the Regional Public Health Offices (RÚVZ) in the Slovak Republic.
The smoking cessation helpline (phone number 0908 222 722) and the counseling center at the RVVZ provide the smoker with active acute help, sniffing people in the decision-making phase and in the abstinence crisis. Specialized cessation cessation counseling provided roughly 1200 citizens last year. They offer both individual and group counseling to stop smoking using methods and psychological techniques, perform smoker / spirometry examinations.
Cigarette smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals and compounds
Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for many malignant tumors and deaths. Cigarette smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals and compounds, of which a large amount is considered to be a proven carcinogen.
“Epidemiological studies have so far proved the causal relationship between smoking tobacco and at least 14 different types of malignant tumors.